|written and translated by Dietrich
Neu Samara colony has her main focus in the Tock valley. All villages
either on Tock or on one of the tributaries: Ischalka, Beresowij,
Kaltan, Kuterlja, Beresowaja. Except Kamenetz all villages lay to the
south of the Tock. Tock is a tributary of Samara which flows into
the Volga. The tributaries of Samara have all the specific feature that
they nestle against the hill chains of the
Obshy Syrt running from the east to the west. Thus the northern bank is
rising mostly precipitously,
while the southern bank rises more gently. In the following schematic
cross section of the Tock valley in the area of Dolinsk you can see
The lower terrace is flooded in the spring often. The position of the
river bed can change. The upper terrace lies
higher and is not flooded ordinarily. All villages established on the
bank of Tock are on this area. This terrace probably formed in
time, richer in water, the flood area of the Tock. The ground in this
area is more
fertile then farther to the south. One cannot farm the
lower terrace, named also "Plauwinj", and it can be used only as a
meadow, in which many flowers grow, e.g., yellow may tulips, lilies,
crokuses, and violets, but also berries like blackberries, currants
and strawberries. In those days, therefore, it was not bought by
the colonists. After the upper terrace the plain rises further on a
length of about
12 kms. The Tock lies at a height of about 90 ms, while the
divide, separating river systems of Tock and Malij Uran, is at a height
of about 200 ms.
of Tock near Pleschanowo, in 2004.
rising plain is
interrupted by the sometimes very
precipitous gulches of the tributaries. Near the divide she rises again
more precipitously, but the border of the land bought by the colonists
runs farther to the north. Therefore the area on which the Neu
Samara settlement was founded is suited just and well
for the agriculture, in contrast to northern bank of the Tock, where
the Bashkir live.
Before the colonists came there was only a treeless steppe. Only they
have planted trees, for what they were also obliged by the way, every
colonist should cultivate on 1/2 Desj. of his farmstead wood. Today the
streets and the borders of yards are hemmed
by trees: poplars, maple trees, pastures, lilacs, field elms, pea
shrubs as well as currant bushes. Between the single
villages there are wide forest stripes. One can recognize the village
Kamenetz, deserted today, still by the trees and bushes, overgrown now.
Every settler had a garden with fruit-trees.
The highest elevation near is Vanyakina Shishka, 300 ms high and about
12 kms to the south of Bogomasowo. At the foot of the mountain
Otnaschka and Enkla have their source, they flow between Bogomasowo and
into the Tock.
The climate is marked continental: the winters are long, cold and
snow-rich - the summers are hot and dry. The winter
starts already at the middle of October with the first snowfall. It
forms fast a
thick snow cover. Till the 50-th there were house-high snow drifts.
Because the settlement lies in a treeless steppe,
the blizzards, named on Russian "Buran", find no opposition .
Gigantic snow masses whirl in the air and close up eyes and
nose. Only in April the spring starts with snow melt. The glaze
water fills in rivers and brooks and lets them overflow for weeks. 80%
of the total annual quantity of water of the Tock flow in this
time. In the rest of the year the water-level is low. The summer is
mostly hot and dry with rare but heavy rain falls. Because the
streets mainly are not asphalted, there are after the rain gigantic
aquatic laughters. The precipitation is low with 300-400 mms per year
comparison with Germany with more than 800 mms, the biggest part
of it fells in winter as a snow.
During the period 2000.09.03-2004.08.03 was, according the data from a
meteorological station in Buzuluk, which is about 80 km away from
Pleschanowo, the highest temperature 34 degrees Celsius and the lowest
temperature -35 degrees Celsius. There is in average a perception of
445 mms per year.
Map of Neu Samara at Google Earth. As you see the geographical coordinates of Pleschanowo are 52°50' North , 53°29' East. The easiest way to find it is simply to type Pleshanovo, Russia in the search field. If you have a slow internet connection you can use Google Maps